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In 1570, a full-scale Ottoman assault with 60,000 troops brought the island under Ottoman control, despite stiff resistance by the inhabitants of Nicosia and Famagusta.Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus massacred many Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants.
In 1539 the Ottomans destroyed Limassol and so fearing the worst, the Venetians also fortified Famagusta and Kyrenia.Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 15 (de jure until 1914).Cyprus was placed under British administration based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878 and was formally annexed by Britain in 1914.The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC.Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world.Venice formally annexed the Kingdom of Cyprus in 1489, following the abdication of Catherine.
The Venetians fortified Nicosia by building the Walls of Nicosia, and used it as an important commercial hub.He used it as a major supply base that was relatively safe from the Saracens.A year later Richard sold the island to the Knights Templar, who, following a bloody revolt, in turn sold it to Guy of Lusignan.The island was conquered by Alexander the Great in 333 BC.Following his death and the subsequent division of his empire and wars among his successors, Cyprus became part of the Hellenistic empire of Ptolemaic Egypt.Location of Cyprus (pictured lower right), showing the Republic of Cyprus in darker green and the self-declared republic of Northern Cyprus in brighter green, with the rest of the European Union shown in faded green is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.